Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri


Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri
Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri

Biography of Lal Bahadur Shastri

The second Prime Minister of independent India was Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri. India will always remember him for his will and great courage. He successfully led India in the war with the neighboring country in the year 1965. He gave the slogan “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” to unite India at the time of war. He lived his whole life with great simplicity and honesty. Lal Bahadur Shastri ji is a source of inspiration for India. On this page we are giving information about the second Prime Minister of India, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri.


Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on 2 October 1904 in a district called Mughalsarai in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Lal Bahadur Shastri’s real surname was Srivastava, but he did not want to reflect his caste, so he changed it. His father’s name was Sharda Prasad and mother’s name was Ramdulari Devi. Shastri’s father was a teacher in a school, but after a few days he started working as a clerk in the Income Tax Department of Allahabad. Shastriji’s father had passed away at the young age of one year. His mother raised Shastriji and his two sisters at their father’s house.


Shastri ji did not get much good education in his maternal grandmother, yet he passed his class six examination at the age of ten, after which he was sent to Varanasi to his uncle to get high school education. given | Shastri ji was affectionately called by everyone by the name of ‘Nanhe’. They had to walk many miles to get to school. At that time, due to extreme poverty, there were no slippers on the feet. Shastri ji used to go to his school on foot when the roads used to be very hot in the scorching summer. This shows, how was the condition of India at that time?

Mahatma Gandhi started the non-cooperation movement, influenced by which he decided to leave his studies. His mother was deeply saddened by this decision. His family opposed his decision, but he did not change his decision.

He was sent to jail for participating in the movement, due to his young age, he was released early. After this, after successfully completing his studies of philosophy for four years from Kashi Vidyapeeth, he was awarded the title of “Shastri” in the year 1926.


Lal Bahadur Shastri ji was married to Lalita Devi ji in the year 1927 in Mirzapur. They were given a spinning wheel and a few meters of hand-woven cloth as a dowry. He did not want anything else as a dowry.

As Prime Minister

Lal Bahadur Shastri ji joined the National Congress party to get freedom for the country, seeing his contribution in the party, he was appointed as the General Secretary of the party. After the death of Jawaharlal Nehru in the year 1964, he was unanimously elected as the Prime Minister of India.


Pakistan invaded India in the year 1965, to which the Indian Army gave a befitting reply and captured many provinces of Pakistan. In the year 1966, Russia mediated and India and Pakistan signed a joint declaration in Tashkent on January 10, 1966, on the same night Shastri ji suffered a heart attack and died. In this way a great talent of India came to an end.


When Lal Bahadur Shastri was six years old, at that time he was returning home as usual. One of his friends was also with him. His friend decided to pluck a mango from a garden on the way. His friend climbed a tree to pluck the mango. Shastri ji remained standing below when the gardener of that garden came. He caught Shastri ji, he requested the gardener that he is an orphan, so release him. Then the gardener said, “Since you are an orphan, it is necessary that you learn good conduct.” These words left an indelible mark on his life, from which he took a vow to behave well in future, which he followed throughout his life.

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